Monday, 11 October 2010

Tun Dr. Mahathir Mohamad

Taken from
Tun Dr. Mahathir Mohamad (born July 10, 1925) is the former Prime Minister of Malaysia. He held the post from 1981 to 2003. During his term in office he was credited for engineering Malaysia's rapid modernization and the resulting growth of prosperity. Another central issue of Mohamad is the promotion of "Asian values".
Although his formal title is "Yang Amat Berbahagia Tun Dr. Mahathir bin Mohamad", Mahathir is fondly called "Dr. M" by his supporters, an appellation also used by the media.

Early life and career

Born in Alor Setar, the capital of the northern state of Kedah, Mahathir said in his autobiography that he had Indian ancestry (from his father), with its origins tracing back to Kerala in India, while his mother was a Kedah-born Malay. Mahathir, however, considers himself to be a "full Malay", in line with Article 160 of the Constitution. Under Article 153 of the Constitution, Malays are granted particular rights not available to other citizens.
During World War II, he sold pisang goreng (banana fritters) to supplement his family income in the Japanese occupation of Malaya.
Mahathir first attended a Malay vernacular school before continuing his education at the Sultan Abdul Hamid College in Alor Star. Mahathir then attended the King Edward VII Medical College in Singapore, where he edited a medical student magazine called The Cauldron; he also contributed to the The Straits Times newspaper anonymously under the nickname "Che Det". Mahathir was also President of the Muslim Society in the college In 1953, Mahathir entered the then Malayan government service as a medical officer upon graduation. He married Dr Siti Hasmah Mohd Ali—a former classmate in college—on August 5, 1956, and left the government service in 1957 to set up his own practice in Alor Star. Mahathir's practice thrived, allowing him to own by 1959 a Pontiac Catalina and a Chinese chauffeur (at the time most chauffeurs were Malay, owing to Chinese economic dominance). Some critics have suggested this foreshadowed a later hallmark of Mahathir's politics, which focused on the "cultivation of such emblems of power".
Active in politics since 1945, beginning with his involvement in the Anti-Malayan Union Campaign, Mahathir joined the United Malays National Organization (UMNO) upon its inception in 1946. As State Party Chairman, and Chairman of the Political Committee, he inadvertently angered some quarters with his proposal that the selection of candidates be based on certain qualifications for the 1959 general election. Hurt by accusations that he was scheming to put up candidates who were strongly allied to him, Mahathir refused to take part in the national election that year.
In the third general election of 1964, Mahathir was elected Member of Parliament for Kota Setar Selatan, defeating the Pan-Malaysian Islamic Party's (PAS) candidate with a 60.2% majority. He lost the seat in the following general election in 1969 by a mere 989 votes to PAS's candidate, Haji Yusoff Rawa, after he categorically declared that he did not need Chinese votes to win. (Ironically, Mahathir won the 1999 general elections mainly due to Chinese votes, when the Malay grounds were split over his quarrels with his deputy Anwar Ibrahim.)
Following the race riots of May 13, 1969 in the May 13 Incident, Mahathir was sacked from the UMNO Supreme Council on 12 July, following his widespread distribution to the public of his letter to Tunku Abdul Rahman, the then Prime Minister. In his letter, he had criticised the manner in which the Tunku had handled the country's administration. Mahathir was subsequently relieved of his party membership on 26 September.
While in the political wilderness, Mahathir wrote his book, "The Malay Dilemma", in which he sought to explain the causes of the May 13 Incident in Kuala Lumpur and the reasons for the Malays' lack of economic progress within their own country. He then proposed a politico-economic solution in the form of "constructive protection", worked out after careful consideration of the effects of heredity and environmental factors on the Malay race. The book, published in 1970, was promptly banned by the Tunku Abdul Rahman government. However, some of the proposals in this book had been used by Tun Abdul Razak, the second Prime Minister, in his "New Economic Policy" that was principally geared towards affirmative action economic programs to address the nation's economic disparity between the Malays and the non-Malays. The ban on his book was eventually lifted after Mahathir became Prime Minister in 1981.
Mahathir rejoined UMNO on 7 March 1972, and was appointed as Senator in 1973. He relinquished the senatorship post in 1974 in order to contest in the general elections where he was returned unopposed in the constituency of Kubang Pasu, and was appointed as the Minister of Education. In 1975, he became one of the three vice-presidents of UMNO, after winning the seat by 47 votes. Tun Hussein Onn appointed Mahathir as Deputy Prime Minister on 15 September 1978, and in a cabinet reshuffle, appointed him concurrently as the Minister of Trade and Industry.
Mahathir became the Prime Minister of Malaysia on 10 July 1981 when Tun Hussein Onn stepped down due to health reasons. After 22 years in office, Mahathir retired on October 31, 2003, making him one of Asia's longest-serving political leaders. Upon his retirement on 31 October 2003, Mahathir was awarded a "Tun"-ship, Malaysia's highest civilian honour.

An abbreviation of Internet and Intranet as Internets and Intranets share a lot of similar attributes



This is the world-wide network of computers accessible to anyone who knows their Internet Protocol (IP) address - the IP address is a unique set of numbers (such as that defines the computer's location. Most will have accessed a computer using a name such as Before this named computer can be accessed, the name needs to be resolved (translated) into an IP address. To do this your browser (for example Netscape or Internet Explorer) will access a Domain Name Server (DNS) computer to lookup the name and return an IP address - or issue an error message to indicate that the name was not found. Once your browser has the IP address it can access the remote computer. The actual server (the computer that serves up the web pages) does not reside behind a firewall - if it did, it would be an Extranet. It may implement security at a directory level so that access is via a username and password, but otherwise all the information is accessible. To see typical security have a look at a sample secure directory - the username is Dr and the password is Who (both username and password are case sensitive).


This is a network that is not available to the world outside of the Intranet. If the Intranet network is connected to the Internet, the Intranet will reside behind a firewall and, if it allows access from the Internet, will be an Extranet. The firewall helps to control access between the Intranet and Internet to permit access to the Intranet only to people who are members of the same company or organisation.

In its simplest form, an Intranet can be set up on a networked PC without any PC on the network having access via the Intranet network to the Internet.

For example, consider an office with a few PCs and a few printers all networked together. The network would not be connected to the outside world. On one of the drives of one of the PCs there would be a directory of web pages that comprise the Intranet. Other PCs on the network could access this Intranet by pointing their browser (Netscape or Internet Explorer) to this directory - for example

From then onwards they would navigate around the Intranet in the same way as they would get around the Internet.


An Extranet is actually an Intranet that is partially accessible to authorised outsiders. The actual server (the computer that serves up the web pages) will reside behind a firewall. The firewall helps to control access between the Intranet and Internet permitting access to the Intranet only to people who are suitably authorised. The level of access can be set to different levels for individuals or groups of outside users. The access can be based on a username and password or an IP address (a unique set of numbers such as that defines the computer that the user is on).

Community-based Information System (CBIS)

          The aim of the proposed Community-Based Information System (CBIS): A programme for enriching citizenship is to improve public participation and enhance notions of citizenship, especially among the youth, in an effective and sustainable manner. The purpose of a proposed pilot project is to study the viability and effectiveness of involving schoolchildren, their parents/caretakers, ward committees, municipal administrators, the private sector and local NGOs/CBOs in the collection of information on the neighbourhoods in which they reside through a 'home-to-home' household survey on ward level.
Ultimately, this exercise serves to build a common sense of 'community' and citizenship at large. It also facilitates to empower communities and their local government to better understand and to give appropriate direction to local socio-economic development, service delivery and participatory governance. In this process, the capacity to collect, analyse, interpret, present, disseminate and communicate statistical information will be build among the local stakeholders. An accessible and user-friendly web-based geographical information system will integrate the decentralised (community-based) information to governmental data, research on local government in Africa (best practices and policy, links and discussion platform). The web-portal will also enable communities to actively engage in using data on their own ward and that of other wards in their local municipality. Ways to integrate the Community-Based Information System (CBIS) in the school curriculum will be studied. If viable, the integration of CBIS in children's formal education would imply that information necessary for development planning will be collected annually and statistical capacity building takes place on a recurring basis

Saturday, 9 October 2010


  During my leisure time, i like to watch movie, sleeping and chatting... i like to watch comedy movie and romantic movie. such as " Lagenda Budak Setan, my girl and i'm not single" these movie make me happy and not feel boring... i like watch movie at home.. it is because i like to stay at home then go to anywhere..
another my hobbies is chatting with my friend. with chating, i can share many story to my friends :').. with chatting, i also can release tansion and have a lot of friends. for example, with facebook, i have many friends. i can know about my friend thought online.. thus, i think, chatting is another ways to make me close with my friends. that is all my activities at my leisure. but, i also fully my time with my family. at weekend, my parents bring me to super market and also rest at sea (Tanjung Balau). i also spent my time to share about my studies to my parents.. any problems that happend, i always share with my family..especially to my brother, because i very close with he..

management information system.

Short for management information system or management information services, and pronounced as separate letters, MIS refers broadly to a computer-based system that provides managers with the tools for organizing, evaluating and efficiently running their departments. In order to provide past, present and prediction information, an MIS can include software that helps in decision making, data resources such as databases, the hardware resources of a system, decision support systems, people management and project management applications, and any computerized processes that enable the department to run efficiently.
Within companies and large organizations, the department responsible for computer systems is sometimes called the MIS department. Other names for MIS include IS (Information Services) and IT (Information Technology

Tuesday, 5 October 2010

about fizah...

        Nur hafizah is my full name...but just call me fizah.. I was born at kota tinggi, johor.. i am 20 years old... before this,i was study at sek. men. keb bandar mas at kota tinggi, johor. but now, i study at UITM Melacca City Campus. i am form 6 ex-student. i am third from 6 siblings. i have 1 sister, 1brother, 2 younger sisters and 1 younger brother. i have many hobbies, like reading, playing games and watching television. my sister is Rohana binti ab hamid(25 years old). she got marriage and she has a child. his name is zuraimi bin norhisham, 2 years old. second is my brother. his name is zul fadli bin ab hamid(23 years old). he work as navy at lumut perak. my first younger sister is nur hamizah binti ab hamid (18 years old). she study at sek. men. keb bandar mas kota tinggi, johor. next, is my younger brother, zul husni bin ab hamid (14 years old). he school at sek men keb semenchu. last but not least, is my last youngers sister. she is rozaida binti ab hamid. she is 8 years old and school at sek keb felda semenchu...ermm,, thats all about me... huhuh